Posts tagged with hunger

A billion chronically hungry people in the world via The Economist
As you can see from the right-hand scale, during the 1990’s and 2000’s the “bottom billion” poorest people have been starving or close to it.
Even though the right-hand scale is more important, the lines get graphical emphasis.
Therefore the two pictures, though nearly equivalent in absolute terms, tell very different stories:about a spiking crisis and increasing failure to deal with poverty during rich-world recession
about marginal improvements that continue despite a rich-world financial debacle.

Both stories were told by the Food and Agriculture Organisation, of the United Nations.
Of course statistical bodies revise estimates all the time.
But still this juxtaposition warns us to question the facticity of numbers appearing in charts.
All data come from somewhere. Just because the numbers appear on a chart doesn’t make them correct.

A billion chronically hungry people in the world via The Economist

  • As you can see from the right-hand scale, during the 1990’s and 2000’s the “bottom billion” poorest people have been starving or close to it.
  • Even though the right-hand scale is more important, the lines get graphical emphasis.
  • Therefore the two pictures, though nearly equivalent in absolute terms, tell very different stories:
    1. about a spiking crisis and increasing failure to deal with poverty during rich-world recession
    2. about marginal improvements that continue despite a rich-world financial debacle.
  • Both stories were told by the Food and Agriculture Organisationof the United Nations.
  • Of course statistical bodies revise estimates all the time.
  • But still this juxtaposition warns us to question the facticity of numbers appearing in charts.
  • All data come from somewhere. Just because the numbers appear on a chart doesn’t make them correct.

hi-res




Many years ago, I was being driven to the airport and observed something stupid about myself. Then I used science (kind of). I remember this so clearly because it has symbolised other challenges since then.

image

I had a bag of snacks — Doritos or Chex Mix or something — sitting on my lap. I was eating them and talking with the driver. We were discussing business or something. I noticed I was eating the snacks rather quickly. Even after becoming aware of the speed, I found it hard to hold off on eating one for more than 10 seconds. (I probably ate a handful every ≤5 seconds.) The delicious taste of Chex Mix was in my mouth, making me want more.

As I thought about it, I was able to focus on the taste at least, and appreciate it, but I still found it hard to slow down.

image

I decided to do a little experiment on myself. I put the bag of Doritos at my feet instead of in between my legs. The next time I reached for the snacks I had a few more deciseconds to stay my hand—and it worked. The amount of time (or was it the effort?) it took to lean my torso forward gave me enough time (or was it inclination?) to think: “Do I really want another one yet?” and answer “No” more of the time. I started snacking more like every 30-60 seconds.

I decided to take the experiment one step further. (This is part of experimental science, right? You notice the beginnings of a trend and then you test more input values to see if the trend extrapolates.) I put the crisps (or squares, or whatever) behind my car seat. So, I needed to twist my torso, crane my neck, and put my arm into a fairly awkward position — costing more than a second and even more effort than leaning forward. That was enough to reduce my snacking to one every 2-5 minutes.

 

image

Certainly this is far from gold-standard science. But, I was satisfied with the findings (and until now, I didn’t publish them, so there was no-one else to satisfy.)

Years later Richard Thaler coined the wonderful phrase “libertarian paternalism" — and I thought, it doesn’t just have to be about governance. I can nudge myself as well. (Nudge is co-authored with Cass Sunstein, another hero.)

image

Here are some other tricks I’ve used to nudge myself into doing what I really want:

  • shutting my laptop when I leave it
  • putting my laptop in a drawer and closing it
    (both these give me more time to think: Is getting out the computer really what I want to do right now? What am I going to do on the computer? When am I going to be done?)
  • Standing at my desk improves my mood and energy and also makes me spend less time at the computer. (a key challenge is getting a monitor at eye level and a keyboard just below elbow level.)
  • Close my eyes if webpages take a long time to load. (why burn them out / hypnotise myself any more?)
  • If sitting at a computer with a monitor, I aperiodically stand up, walk away, and face away from the computer. (I face a wall, sitting or standing, or look outside, and think about what I actually need to accomplish on the computer.)
  • move email conversations quickly to phone call (in business)
  • send “to-read” Amazon previews to Kindle
  • I use the “Save for Later” extension for Chrome. (Even if I don’t actually read it later, I can believe that illusion for long enough to kick the tab out of my immediate view.)
  • If I open a new tab/window for goofing off when I really shouldn’t, I say the word “No” out loud so I can hear myself. That sometimes helps me close the tab and get back to work, only 2 seconds wasted.
  • Whenever I spend a lot of money on myself (electronics or a trip), I donate to charity. (I guess that’s more about habit formation as self-discipline rather than nudging myself into compliance.)
  • putting snacks / dessert higher up or behind cupboards
  • leaving a nice-looking knife & cutting board out in plain sight
  • leave vegetables and beans out in plain sight
  • Spend time organising my workspace so that more important things to do (or symbols of things I want to do) are in plain sight.
    For example, I might stack “to read” papers out of the way (I’ll find them when I’m bored). But if I decide I need to work out more I might clear my workspace and put my gym card or shorts in plain view.
  • write to-do lists on paper instead of on the computer

I haven’t developed any really good tricks for avoiding procrastinating on the Internet.

but Randall has ... click thru and read the alt text

Partly it’s because of blurred boundaries about what’s worth reading and what’s not. Partly it’s because with three keystrokes I can pop open a Twitter window or tumblr or reddit or facebook or … on-and-on … and make my “strategic” decision from there.

Advices? Similar experiences?




The Aboubakar family of Breidjing Camp in Chad.Food expenditure for one week: 685 CFA Francs or $1.23
Nothing speaks to me like this photo series. The families and their food.
This famous photo of the Aboubakars (taken in 2006 I believe) inspired me to eat more legumes and beans over the past few years. I figured—if 6 of them can get by on ~ $1/week, I can definitely lower my expenses by working what’s in those bags into my diet — crowding out the rich, expensive food (meats, pâté, cheese, hummus, butter, pre-made stuff).
Always fighting the hedonic treadmill. Thanks, Aboubakars (and Peter Menzel).
RELATED: Global Rich List, Angus Maddison’s History of the World Economy, Hans Rosling’s 2010 TED talk

The Aboubakar family of Breidjing Camp in Chad.
Food expenditure for one week: 685 CFA Francs or $1.23

Nothing speaks to me like this photo series. The families and their food.

This famous photo of the Aboubakars (taken in 2006 I believe) inspired me to eat more legumes and beans over the past few years. I figured—if 6 of them can get by on ~ $1/week, I can definitely lower my expenses by working what’s in those bags into my diet — crowding out the rich, expensive food (meats, pâté, cheese, hummus, butter, pre-made stuff).

Always fighting the hedonic treadmill. Thanks, Aboubakars (and Peter Menzel).

RELATED: Global Rich List, Angus Maddison’s History of the World Economy, Hans Rosling’s 2010 TED talk


hi-res