Question. Why do we live in a 3-dimensional universe?

Tentative Answer. Maybe because 3 dimensions is the most interesting number of dimensions? Maybe 3-D is the boundary between “too constrained” and “too free”.

The above link is to some mathematicians discussing other interesting dimensions besides 3 — because they already know 3-D is uniquely suited to complexity.

In other words, lots of “facts” are only facts in ℝᵈ when d=3. So by the anthropic principle…we live in 3-D.





Here’s one fact that’s unique to just the fourth dimension.

Exotic ℝ⁴: There are infinitely many non-diffeomorphic smooth structures on the topological space ℝᵈ if and only if d=4.

Otherwise there is only one diffeomorphism class.

^ pictures of diffeomorphisms

(A diffeomorphism preserves the relationships between neighbouring points.)

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    Exotic ℝ⁴
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